Gilboa (Mount Gilboa)

Gilboa (Mount Gilboa) and surrounding area

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1 Samuel 28:4 The Philistines gathered themselves together, and came and encamped in Shunem: and Saul gathered all Israel together, and they encamped in Gilboa.

2 Samuel 1:21 You mountains of Gilboa, let there be no dew nor rain on you, neither fields of offerings; For there the shield of the mighty was vilely cast away, The shield of Saul was not anointed with oil.

2 Samuel 21:12 David went and took the bones of Saul and the bones of Jonathan his son from the men of Jabesh Gilead, who had stolen them from the street of Beth Shan, where the Philistines had hanged them, in the day that the Philistines killed Saul in Gilboa;


gil-bo'-a ([har hagilboa], "Mount of the Gilboa"): Unless we should read "Gilboa" for "Gilead" in Judges 7:3 (see GILEAD, 2) this mountain is mentioned in Scripture only in connection with the last conflict of Saul with the Philistines, and his disastrous defeat (1 Samuel 28:4; 1 Samuel 31:1, 8 2 Samuel 1:6, 21; 2 Samuel 21:12 1 Chronicles 10:1, 8). If Zer`in be identical with Jezreel-a point upon which Professor R.A.S. Macalister has recently cast some doubt-Saul must have occupied the slopes on the Northwest side of the mountain, near "the fountain which is in Jezreel" (1 Samuel 29:1). The Philistines attacked from the plain, and the battle went sore against the men of Israel, who broke and fled; and in the flight Jonathan, Abinadab and Malchi-shua, sons of Saul, were slain. Rather than be taken by his lifelong foes, Saul fell upon his sword and died (1 Samuel 31:1).

The modern name of the mountain is Jebel Faqu`a. It rises on the eastern edge of the plain of Esdraelon, and, running from Zer`in to the Southeast, it then sweeps southward to join the Samarian uplands. It presents an imposing appearance from the plain, but the highest point, Sheikh Burqan, is not more than 1,696 ft. above sea level. In the higher reaches the range is rugged and barren; but vegetation is plentiful on the lower slopes, especially to the West. The Kishon takes its rise on the mountain. Under the northern cliffs rises `Ain Jalud, possibly identical with HAROD, WELL OF, which see. In Jelbun, a village on the western declivity, there is perhaps an echo of the old name.

W. Ewing

GILBO'A, Mt. e. of the plain of Jezreel, about 10 ms. long and 1917 ft. above the Mediterranean, 51 ms. n. from Jerusalem.
Strong's Hebrew
H1533: Gilboa

a mountain in Northern Israel

Gihon 2 (Gihon)
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